National Biodigester Programme (EnDev Cambodia)Enlarge image (© GIZ-Büro Phnom Penh)
Cambodia has no nationwide power transmission and distribution grid. With an average of 23 %, it ranges among the countries with the lowest grid-connected electrification rate. Decentralized energy supply models in remote areas, usually lead to high costs and high local environmental impacts due to the use of diesel generators. Elsewhere, electricity is only available through car batteries that need to be expensively reloaded. Therefore, a majority of rural households uses simple wood stoves for cooking with the result of a high health burden, especially for women and children - respiratory diseases remain one of the largest health risks in Cambodia.
Against this background the German government in collaboration with Australia, the Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland, Sweden and the UK is funding the global ‘Energising Development Initiative’ that aims at improving access to clean energy. In Cambodia EnDev is implemented by the Dutch Development Organization ‘Stichting Nederlandse Vrijwilligers’ SNV and focuses on the distribution and use of bio digesters producing methane gas for cooking and lightning of households in rural areas. One efficient way of introducing and distributing biomass cookstoves are auctions. The first six stove auctions took place, resulting in the sale of 1,133 advanced biomass cookstoves to Cambodian distributors.
Energising Development: http://endev.info/content/Cambodia
SNV Netherlands Development Organisation: http://www.snv.org/project/national-biodigester-programme-nbp-cambodia